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Graphic Design

Understanding Design File Types

File Types Explained

 Selecting the wrong file types for your design project may impact how the final work is rendered. Depending on what type of project you are working on and how it will be applied, design file types will vary. There are several file types that are generally used in graphic design, below is a list of types that you will likely encounter when approaching a project or enlisting the help of a service provider.

Frequently Used File Types

JPG-The Joint Photographic Experts Group file type is a that is commonly used for small images. They are ideal for email and web-based applications. JPG is a compressed file and works best on photographs.

BMP-The bitmap file type is a raster graphic image that it usually used in Microsoft applications. It can be converted to a number of tile types such as the JPG and PNG.

Adobe (AI)-The AI file type is used for illustrations that are vector-based  on a single-page.

PSD-A Photoshop Document file is the default setting in Adobe. The file enables users to layer image data. The PSD file can easily be edited by users and implemented in a number of productions including website templates.

PNG-PNG represents Portable Network Graphics, PNG are frequently used for web-based images such as website banners.

PDF-PDF stands for Portable Document Format. The file type is primarily used for previewing designs.

EPS-EPS stands for Encapsulated Post Script. The file can be used by vector applications and is able to be resized while retaining its quality render. This file type is most often used in print work and to create logos.

GIF-The Graphics Interchange Format is used to create animated images. As one of the most commonly used file types, this popular image works well in video projects and for animated characters on websites. The GIF is relatively small in size and easy to transfer.

Vector: Vectors are flexible images that are generated using geometrics. Vectors are relatively easy to resize and are often used to create logos, and illustrations.